Tomb of Tutankhamun

Tomb of Tutankhamun

In the year one thousand nine hundred and eight received the Lord Karnervon a wealthy English aristocrat, a permit to dig in the Valley of the Kings at Thebes, west of Luxor, and was then asked to Howard Carter, who was connected to the powers of the Egyptian Antiquities Service, to direct the excavations at Thebes.

Carter has revealed the tomb of Tuthmosis IV, Tomb of Yuya and Thuya, and Hatshepsut.

He was forced to stop drilling at the beginning of the First World War, one thousand nine hundred and fourteen, but he returned to work one thousand nine hundred and seventeen first of November, one thousand nine hundred and twenty-two, he started digging in to a site near the entrance to the tomb of Ramses VI.

Then it was four days later, the workmen came upon a trench filled with rubble and broken flint, lead to a ladder carved into the rock to the entrance of a dead end coated with mortar, sealed with the seal of the royal necropolis.

If excavations reveal what was not expected, of the coolest what was found in Egypt or in Egypt is, after it has been the tomb of Tutankhamun hidden for more than three thousand years.

The importance of the treasures of King Tutankhamun

The importance of a group of King Tutankhamun to many reasons, first, that those effects due to the Eighteenth Dynasty, Golden Age of ancient Egypt, where opened the country to the territories of the ancient Near East, was in that era, thanks to the military campaigns and trade relations, export and import of materials and manufactured products, and the activity of the people of character, and the artists that stronger cultural relations between Egypt and its neighbors, especially with the regions of the Levant and the Aegean Sea.

The second reason is that the treasure of Tutankhamun is the most complete royal treasure was found, nor unprecedented. It consists of three hundred and fifty-eight pieces, including the golden mask, wonderful, and three coffins on the human body, one of pure gold, and two of gilded wood.

The third reason is that this group had remained in Egypt, the statement of the unity of what was found, and how the royal tomb and is processed. Here the baggage of everyday life, dolls, toys, and then complete a set of furniture, tools and military equipment, as well as other symbols and statues of the gods, related to burial of the king and lead him from the rituals.

The fourth reason is that we of this treasure, we know what it was and close the life of King, like his love of hunting and happy relationship with his wife Essen Ankh Amun and his entourage, who provided him with statues of the statuette, which carries out business on behalf of the deceased in the afterlife.
Furniture of Tutankhamun

The family used in everyday life or in the rites and rituals, and the folding of the trips, as they were chairs and seats of various shapes and sizes, for some special events, as well as funds and sanctuaries, and coffins, tables and Toeholds. Were all found in these types of furniture, large numbers in a tomb of Tutankhamun.

Were also found on a wooden box containing a dummy head was placed a wig. These collections of many kinds of wood, both domestic and imported, including the grout and went. The total amount of art made great progress, such as vaccination and other wood boxes, Baaj a natural color or dyed with the use of various art paint gold or silver.

And the surface decoration of vaccination with semiprecious stones and glass paste. We also find inscriptions engraved filled with a mixture colored in the wood, and inscriptions Bajain filled, and covered with gold foil.

Is the use of hinges of brass and bronze for covers and doors, folding cots and wooden umbrellas.

It is as well as collecting pieces of furniture Baltashiq, as well as the bolts of wood or brass or bronze and it is the production of innovative seating design, tradition of the seats folded, though with a solid fixed lists, ending the heads of ducks.

As well as cover the seats and the family of nets or woven linen. We also find design forms or symbols in the wood using the art of punching.

And making use of funds to move rod side of pregnancy.
Style sculpture in the Eighteenth Dynasty

Portrayed the Egyptian religion and beliefs of the afterlife, statues graves in the form of vivid images of the deceased or idol, which is maintained in the body of the deceased, so as to facilitate submission to God in the afterlife, and thus facilitates mission.

And issued by the Eighteenth Dynasty sculpture, two methods Professionals distinct: the first method, a technique ideal model, is characterized by a constant in the first half of the eighteenth dynasty, where the pictures of the upper class in the form of a beautiful ideal.

Then came the second half of the eighteenth dynasty natural realistic style, was introduced with a vision for their new king, who has become more human than divine.

Were represented in this era of three stages: First: The features of extreme facial features of the king. II: Method quietest with a lack of exaggeration. III: The Age of Amarna late, with out the artist a way of carving these artistic concept itself, with the features of insomnia, and statues thirty-two, of Tutankhamun, and the employers that represent complex of the gods, which would protect the King Khalid in the other life, including what he sees, standing, or as it takes.

However, these statues, but imagine Almstderin breasts, and abdomen-Kabir, a technique adopted in the Amarna period, the statues of King Akhenaten and his family and his entourage.

The statuette depicted statues or sculptures alternative, and they had to act on behalf of the king in the other life, wrapped like Osiris, and Leicester this body be up face overt.

Set on fire

Egyptians were among the first people in the ancient world that knew how to start a fire since the prehistoric age. The evidence on the burning of the girl child to work and ceramic baking bread and cooking stoves in brick.

One of the main tools used to ignite the fire is a machine based on the movement of hands or fast rotation using arc belt is installed in the holes filled with resin and this results in friction lead to a spark ignition.