Rosetta Stone

Rosetta Stone
The study of ancient Egyptian civilization, a group of constants necessary to know the secrets of this civilization. On top of these constants the Rosetta Stone. And when we talk about this great effect Falzimna mentioned four main things to talk about and talk about a stone and place and time and man.
The stone is of black basalt,
The place is one of the towns in the province Rashid lake
The time is 196 BC. M. And 1799 AD and 1822 AD. As for the first date is the date of registration of the text on the stone in the reign of King Ptolemy V, and the second date is the disclosure of this stone by soldiers of the French campaign and the third is the history of history Champollion decoding the symbols of the hieroglyphs,
The human world is a young French Champollion.

Fortunately for the ancient Egyptian civilization that disclosure of the Rosetta Stone, which included the keys and the ancient Egyptian language. After disclosure of the young man won the French Chamleon as other researchers obtained a copy of the stone, and devoted himself to his studies and expressed a strong interest in hieroglyphic script and based on long experience in ancient Greek and ancient languages ​​in general. The Rosetta Stone, now kept in the British Museum from the black basalt irregular shape and height of 113 cm width of 75 cm and a thickness of 27.5, has lost parts of the above and below. The stone, among other things includes a decree of the priests assembled in the city of Memphis "dead hostage - thank the King Ptolemy V around 196 BC. M. For having to stop endowments to the temples and the exemption of priests from certain obligations. The record of this Decree lines of three, is in the order written top to bottom: hieroglyphics, demotic, Greek.
He lost the greater part of the line hieroglyph and a fraction of the Greek text has wanted the priests to record the gratitude beholden to the king of the Ptolemaic official line, a line hieroglyph, a line of everyday life prevalent in this period, a line Aldemutiqi, then line the Greek which is the line written by the language of the Ptolemies, who they occupy Egypt. The discoverers of the stone, have suggested that the stone contains a single text in three different lines, and was later found that their suggestions were right. After transferring the stone to Cairo, Napoleon's work has several copies of it to be accessible to people interested in Europe in general and France in particular, Egyptian civilization.
The stone arrived in Britain under an agreement between England and France, under which England took the stone to settle in the British Museum in London. The researchers began translating the Greek text. Came the first important steps in line hieroglyph at the hands of the English scientist Thomas Young, who received a copy of the Rosetta Stone in and assume that the cartridges containing the names of the ownership and adopted the texts of other similar Kalmslh found in elephants, which included a text in Greek and the other hieroglyphs. Despite all previous efforts in deciphering the Rosetta Stone is great credit due to the world the French "Jean-Francois Champollion," was Champollion to put forward a set of assumptions the first is three lines "hieroglyphics - Demotic - Greek," represent three different texts in terms of content or whether they represent one topic but he wrote the official line "hieroglyph" and a line of everyday life that prevails in this period, "Aldemutiqi" then the language of the Greeks who were occupying Egypt.
Second. The structure of the ancient Egyptian language is based on any combination of alphanumeric characters Kallgat organisms, for example, or is it written marks ranged between the value of sound character and two characters or three or maybe more.
And the third. Do you know this writing characters movement? Is it graphic or trademark sound? What are the tools used to determine the meaning of the Egyptian vocabulary? Do you use the provisions and interpretive signs? Should these assumptions, questions, and others were going on in the mind of Chamleon a deal with the stone that must have caught his attention that there is more than one line of the ancient Egyptian language, as well as questions as: Is there a linear relationship between the hieroglyphic and hieratic and Aldemutqah? Is there a relationship to language in the rules and exchange ?..... Then the marks in the cylinder and the hieroglyphic text that surround some of the hieroglyphic signs, which we knew to as the cartridge, what do you mean?. Champollion has read the Greek text and understand its content and read the name of King Ptolemy, apparently a wire approach relying on the media the names of non-change in the pronunciation of all languages ​​except for some characters,
Champollion was interested in names, because names in all languages ​​one does not change and comparing the name of Ptolemy V in three lines and found that one in hieroglyphics, demotic and Greek, and here began the mystery unfolds
Champollion and the movement from the premise that this decree was issued in the reign of King Ptolemy V in 196 BC. M. He must have been written to the Greek side with two lines of the national language, and must be that the name of Ptolemy in Greek central routes will be the hieroglyph and Aldemutiqi.
In light of the knowledge of the old lines, Champollion and his study of Coptic as it became clear later stages of the final phase of the ancient Egyptian language, and with the realization that the consonants of the names of the flags do not change no matter how many languages ​​that is written. In Arabic, we find a name such as "helpful" can not initials of the three to fall, as well as "good" and that eased some of the letters or overturned or changed. However, the difficulty will arise from the characters that define the movement pronunciation Alsoakn slot or with V. or Esrh. To free the ancient Egyptian language of the characters movement comes Alsoakn difference in pronunciation, but the Coptic characters that have appeared in motion it was resolved to a large extent. Included the Rosetta Stone "Khrtoha" one repeated six times, included the name of King Ptolemy, a name that responded to the Obelisk "elephants" in addition to the name of Cleopatra. Champollion record labels in the cartouche of Ptolemy and the number and do the same thing for Cleopatra cartouche contained on the Philae Obelisk Given the involvement of names in the value of sound for some signs Kalpa na lam. And record the same names in Greek and number of each letter of them, and met the first sign of the name of Ptolemy hieroglyphs and corresponding in its name in Greek in the curriculum, which I mentioned before, to the effect that the constants in the names do not change and thus possible for him to recognize the value of sound for some hieroglyphic signs Depending on the value in Greek. And more comparative studies of Champollion was able to recognize the value of sound for many labels. In 1822 announced Champollion on the world of Paris he was able to decipher the ancient Egyptian language, and that the structure of the word in the Egyptian language, not based on the alphabet, but the signs give the value of sound for a single character and the other two and the third for three, and confirmed the use of appropriations at the end of the vocabulary to determine meaning word. Champollion, and so put the first bricks in the edifice of the ancient Egyptian language, and came from several hundreds of researchers who have contributed to the completion of the construction of this edifice. And knowledge of the ancient Egyptian language began settles uncertainty about the Egyptian civilization and take Egyptology force his way between the other sciences. Without the decoding of the stone has been to the Egyptian civilization where there is ambiguity in the unfolding its secrets only to read the language and its lines